The natural scientific identification of pigments has some problems because of their insolubility in common solvents. Especially when one deals with examinations of evry small sample amounts or wishes to perform non-destructive analysis, e.g. in forensic laboratories or analysis of art paintings. Raman spectroscopy turns out to be an ideally suited technique to solve these analytical problems. Questions of product identification, date analysis or detection of falsifications can now be solved uding Raman spectroscopy. This analytical method is a powerful instrument for all these questions.