Why is particle size important? Particle size influences many properties of particulate materials and is a valuable indicator of quality and performance. This is true for powders, suspensions, emulsions, and aerosols. The size and shape of powders influences flow and compaction properties. Larger, more spherical particles will typically flow more easily than smaller or high aspect ratio particles. Smaller particles dissolve more quickly and lead to higher suspension viscosities than larger ones. Smaller droplet sizes and higher surface charge (zeta potential) will typically improve suspension and emulsion stability. Powder or droplets in the range of 2-5 µm aerosolize better and will penetrate into lungs deeper than larger sizes. For these and many other reasons it is important to measure and control the particle size distribution of many products.
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