Colloidal Silica Applications

Colloidal silicas are typically aqueous suspensions in the range of 30 – 500 nm in diameter.  They are usually stabilized electrostatically and have densities in the range of 2.1 to 2.3 g/cm3. Applications for colloidal silicas include fillers, binders, abrasives, catalysts, and absorbants.

Most size measurements of colloidal silica are performed using dynamic light scattering (DLS) instruments such as the SZ-100 Nanoparticle Analyzer. The LA-960 Laser Diffraction Analyzer can uniquely measure down to the 30 nm size range, so this laser diffraction instrument is also an option for such tests.

TEM image of colloidal silica
TEM image of colloidal silica

Download Application Note 198: Sizing of Silica Particles with DLS (You need to be logged in)

ERM-FD100 colloidal silica reference material from IRMM
ERM-FD100 colloidal silica reference material from IRMM

Colloidal silica can also be used as a reference material for both particle size and zeta potential. Ludox TM silica is a well known and characterized colloidal material that has been studied using various particle size analysis techniques including acoustic spectroscopy, laser diffraction and dynamic light scattering. The results from these studies indicate that Ludox TM silica is an appropriate sample to use as a reference material for size and/or zeta potential.

Download Technical Note 158: Colloidal Silica as a Particle Size and Charge Reference Material (You need to be logged in)

In the EU the Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM) has released two colloidal silica reference materials; ERM-FD100 and ERM-FD304. These samples have nominal particle sizes of 20 and 40 nm and include a reference zeta potential value as additional material information.

Click here to find out more about ERM-FD100 and ERM-FD304

More Information about Colloid Applications

Particle Analyzers for Colloidal Silica Applications

SZ-100 Nanopartica Series Instruments

Industry's widest range and highest precision measurement instrument for Nanoparticle characterization.