What samples can be analysed with Raman?

Raman can be used to analyse many different samples.

In general it is suitable for analysis of:

  • Solids, powders, liquids, gels, slurries and gases
  • Inorganic, organic and biological materials
  •  Pure chemicals, mixtures and solutions

In general it is not suitable for analysis of:

  • Metals and their alloys

Typical examples of where Raman is used today include:

  • Art and archaeology – characterisation of pigments, ceramics and gemstones
  • Carbon materials – structure and purity of nanotubes, defect/disorder characterisation
  • Chemistry – structure, purity, and reaction monitoring
  • Geology – mineral identification and distribution, fluid inclusions and phase transitions
  • Life sciences – single cells and tissue, drug interactions, disease diagnosis
  • Pharmaceutics – content uniformity and component distribution
  • Semiconductors – purity, alloy composition, intrinsic stress/strain
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  • Visit our Applications pages for further details about how and where Raman is used