Slide production

In conjunction with the hematology analyzer Yumizen H2500, the slide system Yumizen SPS can run the following operations:

■ SMEAR: preparation of a sample blood smear
■ STAIN: preparation and staining of a sample blood smear

Smearing Characteristics

Smears are performed with a wedge, using the surface-tension effect of the blood and according to a user defined smearing profile.

Smearing wedge principles

Slide production_smearing wedge principles_image_HORIBA Medical

Slide production_smearing wedge principles_image_HORIBA Medical

The smearing profile consists of the following adjustable parameters:

  • Drop volume (the maximum value is 5 μL).
  • Wedge landing angle on the slide (40° or 45°).
  • Time the wedge stays in contact with the drop before making the smear (maximum 2000 ms).
  • Speed of the smear (maximum 5000 steps/s).

Smearing Tape

  • Capacity (number of slides): 6000
  • Clean section of smearing tape for each new slide
  • Software management of the tape maintenance and capacity
  • Software adjustment of the tape tension


Staining Protocols

May-Grünwald Giemsa protocol (MGG)
Polychromatic staining technique that uses two stains that consist of two components, one alkaline, the other acid:

  • stain 1 is May-Grünwald: combines acidic eosin and alkaline methylene blue.
  • stain 2 is Giemsa: contains a basic dye methylene azure.


They form a stabilized neutral solution which is inactivated by alcohol.

The first step in the staining operation is to fix the blood by using the alcohol contained in the pure May-Grünwald. The staining action begins when Buffer is added. The cell components are selectively stained according to their individual chemical composition:

  1. methylene blue: stains blue the acidic components of the cell.
  2. eosin: stains orange-red the alkaline components of the cell.
  3. azure: stains red and purple the basic cellular components.

Staining results depend on the level of acidity of the Buffer (more red when pH decreases, more blue when pH increases).

Wright protocol
Wright stain is a polychromatic stain consisting of a mixture of eosin and methylene blue. When applied to blood cells, the dyes produce multiple colors based on the ionic charge of the stain and the various components of the cell.

The eosin ions are negatively charged and stain basic cell components an orange to pink color. The methylene blue ions are positively charged and stain the acid cell components in varying shades of blue. 

The neutral components of the cell are stained by both components of the dye producing variable colors.

Related products

Yumizen SPS
Yumizen SPS

Slide Maker


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