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Anaïs Inquel1, Martin Broly1, Myriam Chevalier1, Khadija Viau1, Marie C Béné1, Elise Tomini2, Camille Debord1, Elise Darrambide2, Marion Eveillard1
1 Service d’Hématologie Biologique, CHU de Nantes, France 2 Société HORIBA Medical SAS, Montpellier, France
Automated analysis of biological fluids is now required to ensure the robustness and reliability of results reporting. In this study, we evaluated the performance of the body fluid cycle of the Yumizen H2500.
98 samples including cerebro-spinal (6), pleural (18), ascitic (5), synovial (54), pericardic (2) and bronchoalveolar liquid (BAL, 13) were collected over 10 weeks in a prospective study at Nantes University Hospital, France (figure 1). The samples were analyzed in duplicate by the Yumizen H2500 to determine the number of leukocytes and erythrocytes, the partial formula (% of mononuclear cells (%MN) and % of polymorphonuclear cells (%PN)) and to detect abnormal cells. Results were compared to a conventional microscopic count and to the XN10 (Sysmex) reference analyzer in body fluid mode. Both instruments were calibrated prior to the samples analysis using external calibrators. Passing-Bablok regression was used to analyze results.
74 out of 98 samples were used to compare leukocyte and erythrocyte count. 11 samples were excluded because they were outside the range of linearity of the analyzers and the BAL were excluded due to viscosity related flags. The correlation coefficient between the 2 analyzers was 0.991 for leukocyte (figure 2) and 0.955 between Yumizen H2500 and the conventional chamber counting method (figure 3). Discrepant results were observed in lipemic samples and samples containing crystals. For erythrocyte counts, the correlation coefficient was 0.996 between both analyzers.
71 samples were retained. Comparison of the analyzers for the % of PN yielded a slope of 0.931, intercept of +0.18 and a correlation coefficient of 0.933 (figure 4A). The coefficient was 0.914 between the manual mode and Yumizen H2500. The presence of abnormal plasma cells in the sample caused discrepant results between both analyzers (figure 4B, figure 6) and between the Yumizen H2500 and manual count.
The %MN correlation coefficient between the two analyzers, and between the Yumizen H2500 and the manual mode was respectively 0.933 (figure 5) and 0.917.
This study confirmed the good analytical performance of the Yumizen H2500 in comparison with conventional microscopic count as well as with the XN10 analyzer. In addition, data from this study allowed the leukocyte count and the scattergram thresholds used for the differential to be optimized.
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