Polymers & Plastics

Related Applications

TERS Characterization of Explosive Nanoparticles
It is not yet understood how co-crystal nanoparticles (co-crystallinity combined with nanostructuring) have superior properties to single compound crystals. Only a technique capable of probing single nanoparticles can bring answers.
Characterization of protective mask fibers by Raman microscopy
Characterization of protective mask fibers by Raman microscopy
Due to Covid-19, a wide choice of protective masks are now on the market. These types of masks are distinguished, in particular, by their different efficiencies linked to their filtration capacity. These differences in protective properties have therefore made it essential to characterize the composition of the masks. In this paper, we present why LabRAM Soleil™ confocal Raman multimode microscope is the perfect tool for studying the distribution and composition of mask fibers.
Laser Diffraction Analysis of Measurement of PVC Powder
Plastic powders are used in a number of applications or as an intermediate stage of a manufacturing process. Particle size can have a significant effect on the final product performance and on process parameters.
PLQY in NIR with Fluorolog-QM and K-Sphere
The Fluorolog-QM fluorescence spectrometer with an integrating sphere option is an excellent choice for PLQY measurements in NIR. The K-Sphere is very convenient and easy to use, as it couples directly to the sample compartment optics and allows a use of external light sources, such as DPSS lasers, which can be attached to the front of the sample compartment. The sphere has holders for cuvettes, slides and powders that can be easily interchanged. The results demonstrate very good reproducibility and precision for NIR PLQY measurements spanning almost two orders of magnitude. Based on multiple measurements, the demonstrated PLQY standard deviations range from 1.3% for high QY value (77%) to 6.4% for the QY below 1%.
Comparison of Wet and Dry Measurement of PLA (Polylactic Acid) Powder by Laser Diffraction
Polylactic acid (PLA) is a biodegradable polymer derived from lactic acid. It is a highly versatile material and is made from 100% renewable resources like corn, sugar beets, wheat and other starch-rich products.
Photoluminescence Upconversion with the Fluorolog-QM
DPSS laser mounted to the front of the Fluorolog-QM sample compartment
The new Fluorolog-QM spectrofluorometers, due to their modularity and advanced software and a universal interface, are an ideal choice for studying multiple aspects of upconversion. This technical note illustrates the use of Fluorolog-QM-75-21 for spectral and time-resolved characterization of these materials.
Laser Diffraction Analysis of Measurement of 50-100 nm Resins
A desirable property of resins is that they will dry from a viscous liquid to a variable state of hardness and elasticity. Particulate sizes of these materials are indicative of purity, therefore measurement proffers quality control.
Optimization of an Emulsion Polymerization Process and Product Through Nanoparticle Concentration Analysis
This note covers the history, theory and processes used for emulsion polymerization. It also examines the importance of measuring the concentration of latex nanoparticles produced by emulsion polymerization for a biotech application developed by the Gianneschi lab at UCSD.
Raman Microscopy Applied to Polymer Characterization: An Overview
Raman Microscopy Applied to Polymer Characterization: An Overview
Raman microscopy is an excellent tool to address the polymer research. Raman microscopy can be used to characterize raw materials, to inline or outline monitor polymerization process, to investigate orientation and crystallization changes, and also to control the quality and traceability of genuine products, by understanding defects and compounds distribution. In this article we present how HORIBA Raman microscopy solutions can support the polymer chemical and structural understanding.
Particle Analysis in Polymers & Plastics
Polymers are large molecules made from repeating structural units connected by covalent chemical bonds. We often use the word ‘plastic’ to refer to polymeric materials, but polymers also include a wide range of natural materials such as proteins, DNA, cellulose, shellac and amber.
Zeta Potential of Polyelectrolytes
The zeta potential of polyethylenimine, PEI, is measured as a function of polymer concentration with the SZ-100 Nanoparticle Analyzer. Charged polymers, that is, polyelectrolytes can be analyzed with the SZ-100.
Real-time Monitoring of Polymerisations in Emulsions by Raman Spectroscopy - Modelling and Chemometrics
Real-time monitoring of polymerization reactions.
Raman spectra, in conjunction with Multivariate (Chemometric) Analysis, have been demonstrated to provide real-time information on the progress of a polymerisation reaction. As shown by this example, these results can provide unexpected information on the details of the reaction. in this case, the inequivalent reaction rates of the two monomers. Such information ultimately enables the process engineer to optimise his process.
What’s Protecting Your Mobile Screen? A Depth Profile of Polymer Protection Covers Using Raman and UFS-GDOES
Figure (a) UFS-RF-GDOES depth profile of the PMSPC; (b) zoom on the first 80 s of the analysis.
Pulsed RF Glow Discharge Optical Emission Spectrometry, coupled with the Ultra Fast Sputtering system, offers the Ultra Fast Elemental Depth Profiling of plastic thin films Polymer Mobile Screen Protection Covers. By coupling this technique with the Raman spectroscopy z-Scan analysis it is possible to acquire important information concerning the fabrication of smartphone screen protectors.
Do You Know What is Protecting Your Telephone Screen
Optimization and follow up of manufacturing process of plastics films by Pulsed RF GDOES
Optimization and follow up of manufacturing process of plastics films are easily achieved using Pulsed RF Glow Discharge Optical Emission Spectrometry. This technique allows the fast detection of defects and presence of contaminants. The GD Profiler 2 can be a key instrument during the optimization and follow up of manufacturing process. Indeed, GDOES is a fast technique which allows the easy comparison of different materials, the detection of defects and the presence of contaminants. Moreover, combined with the «UFS» system, it proves to be a flexible technique for organic and hybrid materials opening numerous new applications domain.
Depth Profile Analysis of Organic and Organic/Inorganic Multilayered Materials by Pulsed RF GDOES
A GDOES depth profile on a multilayered polymer.
Examples of application of pulsed RF GDOES to the analysis of polymer layers and organic/inorganic films have been show illustrating the possibilities of the technique. Thanks to the use of pulsed RF source and UFS, GDOES takes its role in the multidimensional characterization of advanced multilayered organic materials where its specific strong points (speed, ease of use, large observation zone, measurement of all elements) are of great interest.
Using Chemometrics and Raman Spectra for Quantitative Predictions of Physical and Chemical Properties of Polymers
Concentration profiles of the different constituants.
As far as polymeric fibres are concerned, slight modifications of Raman features are directly related to differences in the molecular orientation and the degree of crystallinity of the fibres. To utilize these subtle spectral changes and correlate them with physical properties of the polymer, one is obliged to use Chemometrics on the Raman spectra. The resulting synergism between Raman spectroscopy and Chemometrics will provide a powerful tool for monitoring and control of manufacturing of polymeric materials.
Transmission Raman Spectroscopy: Review of Applications
Transmission Raman Spectroscopy: Review of Applications
The transmission design has demonstrated to be the technique of choice whenever Raman spectral information of a bulk material is required. It has already proven its utility for pharmaceutical applications, as tablets or even powder mixtures are good candidates for this measurement mode. However, transmission Raman might be applied successfully to other sample types, such as polymers, bio-tissues or any translucent material, and can be envisaged for evaluating the content of product inside a package. In addition, as TRS provides a global spectral information of the measured sample, it will be a technique of choice when quantitative evaluation of mixtures is needed.
Raman Imaging of Holographic Gratings Inscribed on Polymer Thin Films
Using holographic techniques we have structured the surface in a one step procedure (no wet nor photocuring processing ) along the X and Y directions. A grating is first inscribed with grooves along the X direction, the sample is rotated by 90° and a second grating is inscribed with grooves along the Y direction. The intensity of the 1st diffracted orders is monitored to have equal intensities in both X and Y directions.
Raman Characterization of Polymers in Industrial Applications
Raman Characterization of Polymers in Industrial Applications
Recent developments in Raman instrumentation have made the technique easier to use, more compact, and more affordable. Consequently, all of the demonstrated potential of the spectroscopy for industrial uses can now be exploited, including its use in combination with statistical methods for concentration calibrations.
Localisation of Polymeric Phases by Raman Microscopy Mapping Components of a Blend in a Plane and Depth Profiles of Laminated Film
Blending, an alternative method for engineering products that combines the properties of polymer types is a physical mixing. It has the advantage of being not only simple and inexpensive, but also allows for re-cycling used material. Incompatibility or non-miscibility of the differing chemical components is often an issue in the final performance of the polymer product. The first part of this note concerns the dispersion of the two components in a polyethylene-polybutylene terephthalate blend. The chemical imaging capabilities of the LabRAM are used to get this information. The second part deals with the depth analysis of laminated films made of different polymer layers.
Concentration Profile Measurements in Polymeric Coatings During Drying by Means of Inverse-Micro-Raman-Spectroscopy
The Raman spectra in different layers of a solvent borne polymer coating during drying
The coupling of the power of confocal Raman microscopy to the inverted sampling geometry has enabled detailed investigations to be made of solvent and water based coating systems, providing important information on the processes and chemistry that occurs at the coating interface and within.