氢/氨发动机和涡轮机

HORIBA 拥有多种气体分析产品,不仅可以满足客户对 H2, O2 和 NH3 的测量需求,还可以满足客户对 CO, N2O 和 NOx 的测量需求。我们还提供包括建造设施在内的交钥匙解决方案,并承担将现有发动机工作台转换为氢发动机工作台的改造任务。

利用氢能实现碳中和的努力不仅仅局限于燃料电池。氢能被称为 “终极清洁能源”,因为它在燃烧时只产生水,不排放二氧化碳。在汽车、船舶、发电等领域,利用氢燃料为发动机(内燃机)提供动力的氢发动机,在日本和欧洲再次受到关注。
像氢一样不含碳的氨,其能量密度是液态氢的 1.7 倍,储存和运输效率高,可以直接燃烧,因此也被用作船舶和发电发动机的燃料。

另一方面,需要解决氢燃烧效率(提高燃料效率)和共燃过程中轻微产生的有毒成分的问题。

 

内容

Expectations and Challenges for Hydrogen and Ammonia Combustion

To achieve carbon neutrality, engines and power generation using "exclusive combustion," (both hydrogen and ammonia are combusted at 100%) is necessary to avoid CO2 emissions. On the other hand, CO2 emissions reduction by modifying existing equipment, facilities and infrastructure, and by mixed combustion (fossil fuels are mixed with conventional fuels for combustion) is also expected as a transition step toward carbon neutrality.

As technical issues, hydrogen combustion requires countermeasures against abnormal combustion and NOx generation due to faster combustion speed, lower calorific value, and higher adiabatic flame temperature than conventional fuels, as well as improvement of combustion efficiency. In addition, ammonia combustion requires countermeasures against unstable combustion and the generation of NOx and N2O (which has a global warming potential approximately 298 times that of CO2) due to its slow combustion speed, low calorific value, and nitrogen content compared to conventional fuels, as well as improvement of combustion efficiency.

* Our drawing based on NEDO "Fuel Ammonia Supply Chain Establishment"


Global Initiatives

France: Strategic Partnership with CRMT 

CRMT is an engineering private company working on the development of alternative energy engines and vehicles, and plans to pioneer the first "Center of Expertise in Hydrogen" in France in partnership with HORIBA, enabling customers to access state-of-the-art hydrogen solutions at every step of the process, meeting all their needs and challenges across the full hydrogen value chain, from generation to storage and utilization.

Through this partnership, Pipo Moteurs, a small and medium-sized company in the Ardèche area of France, has partnered with CRMT and HORIBA France, a French subsidiary of HORIBA, to evaluate a newly developed hydrogen fuel engine. The engine will be installed in a vehicle that will compete in the 2023 Dakar Rally to evaluate its behavior under severe driving conditions.

For more information on our partnership with CRMT, please see this press release.


"Measurement and Analysis" required for hydrogen and ammonia engine evaluation

Hydrogen engines are expected to become a new power source for automobiles. The components and development environment of gasoline and diesel engines, as well as the high level of expertise in internal combustion engines, can be diverted and utilized, and hydrogen engines have the potential to be less expensive than FCVs. Furthermore, hydrogen as fuel does not require the same level of purity as fuel cells, and is therefore being considered as a means of utilizing hydrogen. On the other hand, various issues must be solved, such as abnormal combustion and cooling loss due to excessive premature ignition and reduction of NOx emissions during heavy-load operation.

The shipping industry has been working internationally to reduce CO2 and other greenhouse gases (GHG). International shipping is counted in the International Maritime Organization (IMO), while domestic shipping is counted in national emissions, and each country is considering its own response under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The IMO's long-term goal is to achieve zero GHG emissions from international shipping as early as possible in the 21st century, and against this backdrop, the shipping industry is also focusing on the use of hydrogen and ammonia-fueled engines. 

Reference link: Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, "Jisedai sempaku no kaihatsu project no kenkyukaihatsu/ shakaijissou keikaku (an) ni tsuite" [Draft R&D and Social Implementation Plan for the "Development of Next-Generation Ships" Project]

HORIBA has developed various applications with many customers in the measurement and evaluation of engine performance and exhaust gas in internal combustion engines for automobiles and ships, gas and water quality measurement in power generation facilities, and material analysis at the nano level. Combining our accumulated measurement know-how, we provide total performance evaluation solutions for the development and demonstration of engines that use hydrogen and ammonia as fuel and gas turbines for power generation.

HORIBA Solutions >>
For measuring fuel mass flow: Fuel Flow Meter (contact us)
For testing engine performance: Engine Dynamometer
For Measuring multi-component gas  : FTIR Exhaust Gas Analyzer FTX-ONE
For measurement of nitrogen gas such as N2O and NH3: Motor Exhaust Gas Analyzer MEXA-ONE
For measuring exhaust gas flow rate from engines directly: Ultrasonic Exhaust Flow Meter EXFM-ONE
For measuring the number of solid particles in exhaust: Solid Particle Counting System MEXA-2000SPCS Series
For measuring hydrogen gas concentration: Hydrogen Gas Analyzer HyEVO
Test Integration Platform: Test Automation System STARS Series


"Measurement and Analysis" required for evaluation of gas turbines for power generation

In the field of power generation, the development of large-scale power generation system using hydrogen and ammonia as fuels, which does not emit CO2 during combustion, is progressing. In the future it is expected that power generation will be shifted to gas turbines of dedicated combustion, and in the meantime the mixed combustion power generation will be put to practical use to reduce CO2 emissions  step by step.

Currently, the demonstration and evaluation of small-scale dedicated hydrogen power generation has been completed, and a combustor for large-scale mixed combustion power generation is in the development and demonstration stage. In the area of ammonia power generation, a demonstration of mixed combustion power generation using existing coal-fired facilities is being conducted, and in the area of Gas Turbine Combined Cycle (GTCC) power generation, a technology is being developed to generate electricity by combustion of H2 obtained through the pyrolysis of ammonia, with mixing natural gas.

The technical challenges for hydrogen power generation are the prevention of backfires*, combustion vibrations in combustors and the reduction of air pollutant NOx emissions. In ammonia power generation, the major challenge is to reduce NOx (especially NO due to excess oxygen supply) and N2O emissions.

*Backfire: A phenomenon in which the flame in the combustor travels backwards through the fuel being fed.

HORIBA has been providing various solutions for continuous gas measurement required for development of new technologies for power generation facilities, reduction of air and water pollutant emissions, and improvement of facility operating rates. In the combustion evaluation of hydrogen and ammonia, we provide customers with optimal solutions by combining gas analyzers and sampling, utilizing our accumulated know-how for research and development requiring high-precision measurement and for demonstration evaluation requiring long-term stable operation at sites with severe environmental conditions.

●Power Generation by Hydrogen Mixed and Exclusive Combustion 
Combustors are being developed to improve combustion efficiency while preventing backfires and combustion oscillations, with reducing the air pollutant NOx. In the development of gas turbines for hydrogen power generation, it is necessary to evaluate the hydrogen as fuel and unburned hydrogen and NOx by continuous gas measurement.

●Power Generation by Ammonia Mixed and Exclusive Combustion 
While developing and demonstrating ways to improve the ammonia mixed combustion rate in coal-fired power generation facilities and Gas Turbine Combined Cycle (GTCC) power generation facilities, we are also developing technologies to connect to exclusive combustion power generation. Development of an ammonia decomposer that combines ammonia with a catalyst and thermally decomposes it to produce hydrogen is also underway, as is the development of power generation by applying an ammonia decomposer and a combustor for hydrogen combustion.

●Demonstration of Ammonia Mixed Combustion in Existing Thermal Power Plants and Development of Turbines for Ammonia Power Generation
In addition to conventional gas measurement of air pollutants including NOx, measurement of unburned NH3 and N2O is especially necessary. In addition, for performance evaluation of gas turbines in demonstration facilities, it is important that gas analyzers and sampling equipment operate stably over the long term without failure or performance degradation under severe field conditions.

HORIBA Solutions >>
For measuring hydrogen gas concentration: Hydrogen Gas Analyzer HyEVO
For measuring hydrogen in high concentration/hazardous area: Explosion-proof Thermal Conductivity Analyzer TCA-51d/p
For measuring combustion gas/exhaust gas (for R&D): Multi-component Gas Analyzer VA-5000 Series 
For monitoring air pollutants: Stack Gas Analysis System ENDA-5000 Series
For Measuring NOx by portable analyzers: Portable Gas Analyzer PG-300 Series


"Measurement and Analysis" of the effects of hydrogen and ammonia on surrounding materials

When hydrogen and ammonia are used as fuels in engines and gas turbines for power generation, material degradation due to hydrogen embrittlement* and ammonia corrosion occurs at various locations, including storage facilities and combustion equipment. To analyze and evaluate the effects of hydrogen embrittlement and ammonia corrosion on various materials, it is important to select the most appropriate analytical methods and analytical equipment.

*Hydrogen embrittlement: sudden fracture of steel under stress after a certain period of time due to hydrogen ingress, such as corrosion from the service environment or exposure to hydrogen gas.

HORIBA Solutions >>
For analyzing and evaluationg hydrogen in metals: Glow Discharge Optical Emission Spectrometer GD-Profiler 2
For analyzing metal surfaces: Foreign Material Analysis by Raman Analysis

对氢和氨发动机和涡轮机的期望

氢发动机是汽车的动力来源之一。汽油和柴油发动机的零部件和开发环境,以及内燃机方面的高水平专业技术,都可以被转移和利用,而且它们有可能以比燃料电池汽车更低的成本实现。此外,作为燃料的氢不需要像燃料电池那样高的纯度,因此它被认为是氢利用的一种手段。
另一方面,氢能的利用还需要面对很多问题,比如如何防止非正常燃烧和冷却损失过早点火,降低在高负荷运行时的氮氧化物排放,以及如何防止发动机的氢脆。

每个国家都在考虑如何应对联合国气候变化框架公约(UNFCCC)。特别是在航运业,国际社会正在努力减少二氧化碳和其他温室气体(GHG)的排放。国际航运的排放在国际海事组织(IMO)中计算,沿海航运的航运在国家排放中计算。
国际海事组织的长期目标是在 21 世纪尽早实现国际航运的温室气体零排放,在此背景下,以氢和氨为燃料的发动机和涡轮机的使用正在引起航运业的关注。

参考链接: Initial IMO GHG Strategy

Update the former engine test lab to accommodate hydrogen engines

Update the former engine test lab to accommodate hydrogen engines

我们的测量和分析技术

将现有的发动机测试实验室升级改造为氢发动机实验室

我们结合多年来积累的内燃发动机尾气测量专业知识,结合新获得的氢和燃料电池评估专业知识,为客户提供多样的的测试解决方案:
- 为氢发动机的开发和氢混合燃料的评估而新建和改造发动机试验室,
- 提供防止氢脆所需的金属氢分析仪器和氢分析设备,
- 氢燃气轮机、混合燃气轮机等的气体测量

燃油流量测量系统 FQ Series

交流电力测功机 DYNAS3

超声波尾气流量计 EXFM-ONE

固体颗粒计数系统 MEXA-2000SPCS series

氢气分析仪(请联系我们了解详情)

FTIR-傅里叶变换红外光谱气体分析仪-直采型 FTX-ONE


工程支持

Update Existing Engine Test Lab to be Hydrogen Engines Compatible 

HORIBA combines the know-how of internal combustion engine exhaust gas measurement that has been cultivated over many years in response to customer requests and the newly acquired know-how of hydrogen and fuel cell evaluation to offer a wide range of solutions, from the construction or modification of engine test chambers for the development of hydrogen engines, to the provision of hydrogen meters and nitrogen compound analyzers, as well as analyzers in metals necessary for the prevention of hydrogen embrittlement. 

For more information, please contact us.

开发实验楼整体建设,高效运行
(建筑、电力、空调、燃气管道、测功机、测量设备、控制系统)

Our new risk assessment method (Machine safety standards ISO 12100 compliant)

When setting up a test facility that handles batteries and hydrogen, safety measures must be taken from a completely different perspective than for ordinary test facilities.

Our new unique risk assessment method classifies the relationships between systems from four perspectives (physical contact, energy transfer, information communication, and material transfer) to identify and address risks without omission, and to ensure safety and security while minimizing costs and time.

交钥匙解决方案和风险评估

虽然有很多客户配备了电池和氢气的试验设施,但电池和氢气的安全措施与以往截然不同。

我们将应用我们最初的风险评估方法,提取所有可能的风险,确保安全和保障,同时最大限度地减少成本和时间,以构建您的试验楼。

例如,在一个燃料电池测试实验室中大量的氢处理,防止氢气泄漏的风险应具备三个层次的安全设计:1)无渗漏,2)泄露事故无损害, 3)事故发生损害最小化。

请联系我们了解更多信息。

开发实验楼整体建设,高效运行
(建筑、电力、空调、燃气管道、测功机、测量设备、控制系统)

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HORIBA's Hydrogen Solutions

HORIBA STARS Enterprise Automotive Facility Management

Application Laboratory Virtual Tour


Information

Why HORIBA

With our corporate philosophy of contributing to the development of science and technology and the preservation of the global environment, we are constantly in pursuit of "HONMAMON" technology.

Global Initiatives

HORIBA participates in the optimization of overall energy management and the realization of a safe and secure mobility society through bold global investments and extensive connections with academia and industry

Global Trends and Strageties toward Carbon Neutrality

Introduction of the latest trends through HORIBA's unique activities and perspectives


Fuel Cell

Evaluation of fuel cell materials, production processes, and cell and stack performance

FCV

Various performance evaluation technologies and engineering proposals for fuel cells for FCVs

Stationary Fuel Cell

Various performance evaluation technologies and engineering proposals for fuel cells for stationary use

Hydrogen Station

Contribution to improved safety, quality, and operational efficiency of hydrogen stations

Water Electrolysis

Water electrolysis evaluation equipmen for high-pressure storage of hydrogen

H2 Production

Global support for measurement and analytical instrumentation in the hydrogen production process

Hydrogen Energy TOP

We are committed to realize a smarter way of operating energy in the following 3 parts. The way we "Generate," "Store," and "Utilize" energy can come with higher efficiency, lower emissions, and minimal energy loss.


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